Baiyunshan National Forest Park Luoyang

Home Scenery 2019-02-06

Baiyunshan National Forest Park Luoyang

Baiyunshan National Forest Park is located in the primitive forest area of Funiu Mountain in the southwest of Songxian County, Luoyang City, Henan Province, with a total area of 168 square kilometers. The Park spans the Yangtze River, the Yellow River and the Huaihe River, and is located in the transition zone from the north subtropical zone to the warm temperate zone. With an average altitude of 1800 meters and 103 peaks above 1300 meters, there are 275 kinds of animals and more than 2000 kinds of plants, which are known as the "Museum of Nature" by experts. The forest coverage rate in the scenic area is as high as 99.2%. The highest temperature in midsummer is not more than 26 C. All hotels are above 1500 meters above sea level. They do not need any air conditioners or fans. They are ideal summer resorts and leisure resorts.

Baiyun Mountain has four characteristics: the Baiyun Forest Sea, the beautiful mountains and waters in the north and the beautiful mountains and waters in the south, spanning three regions, the Grand View of mountains and waters, the primitive forest sea and the summer resort. The park is also a world geological park, national AAAAA tourist attraction, National Forest park, National Nature reserve, China's ten best leisure resorts, China's ten most beautiful forest parks, world geological park. In 2005, it was named "China's most beautiful place", and won the double championship of "mobile network popularity group" and "media mass group".

Location context

Baiyun Mountain National Forest Park is located in the hinterland of Funiu Mountain in the south of Songxian County. It is the core area of Funiu Mountain in the eastern part of the Qinling Mountains. It is adjacent to the Shirenshan and Muzhaling scenic areas in the east, Longyu Bay in the west, Laojunshan scenic area, Laojieling in the south, Baotianman scenic area in the south, Tianchi Mountain in the north and Luhun Lake scenic area. It is the core scenic area and Longtou scenic area of the whole Funiu Mountain The total area of the tourist area is 168 km_with geographical coordinates ranging from 33 38'- 33 34', and 111 48'- 111 52', spanning the transition zone from the north subtropical zone to the warm temperate zone.

It administers five forest areas, including Longchi Manlin, Yangshuling, Yangshan, Muzhaling and Daqing, with a total area of 8501 hectares. It belongs to the northern slope of Funiu Mountain and borders Lushan, Xixia, Luanchuan, Neixiang and Nanzhao counties. It spans the three major river basins of the Yangtze River, the Yellow River and Huaihe River, and is the hair of the three major tributaries of the Yellow River, Huaihe River and the Yangtze River, namely the Yihe, Ruhe and Baihe rivers. Source.

Resource situation

Songxian County is a rich area of eco-tourism resources in Henan Province, and Baiyun Mountain is the first eco-tourism resource in Henan Province in terms of its type, scale, grade and attractiveness. Baiyun Mountain is a true portrayal of its natural scenery, with its long white clouds, vast forests, marvelous rocks and flowing waterfalls, and its most distinctive features are its land spanning three regions, grand landscape, primitive forests and seas, and summer resorts.

Resource characteristics

Baiyun Mountain is located in the demarcation line of geographical division between North and south of China, and is an important geographical landmark in China. The park is located in the transition zone from north subtropical zone to warm temperate zone, with an average elevation of 1800 m and 103 peaks above 1300 m. There are 204 kinds of animals and 1991 kinds of plants. It is known as the "Natural Museum" by experts. The vegetation coverage rate in the park is 98.5%, and the average temperature in midsummer is not more than 26 C.

Baiyun Mountain has rich and unique eco-tourism resources with high recreational, ornamental, scientific research and value. One is the original ecology. Eight hundred miles of Funiu Mountain is a relatively less affected area by human beings in the Central Plains. Many places basically maintain the original flavor of nature, as is the case in Baiyun Mountain, which is located in the core area of Funiu Mountain. Second, it is vast. The eco-tourism area suitable for development in Baiyun Mountain is vast, with the central area reaching 168 km_only, and the third is diversity. There are granite mountain landscape, waterscape landscape, animal and plant landscape as the main body, and human landscape as a complement to a variety of tourist attractions. (2) Landscape has the characteristics of both the beautiful and graceful South and the magnificent wilderness, for example. There are many kinds of animals and plants. There are 2004 kinds of animals and 1991 kinds of plants. Species diversity and ecological diversity are unparalleled in other tourist destinations in the Central Plains. Fourth, they are unique. Baiyunshan Mountain spans the Yangtze River, the Yellow River and the Huaihe River, which are rare. Yuhuangding, the main peak of Henan Province, and Baiyun Mountain, the geographical and climatic dividing line between the north and the south of China, spans one mountain and two zones, and has a distinct climate contrast.

As far as resource landscape is concerned, Baiyun Mountain's eco-tourism resources have three characteristics:

High grade of ecological resources

Among Henan's famous tourist mountains, Taihang Mountain is famous for its vigor, Songshan for its cultural civilization, Dabie Mountain for its freshness and beauty, and Funiu Mountain for its transition from Beixiong to Nanxiu. In addition to the common characteristics of Funiu Mountain, the resources of Baiyun Mountain National Forest Park have some unique places. In the scenic area, there are dangerous peaks and strange stones landscape represented by Baiyun Mountain, Yuhuangding, Jijiaojiangjian, Xiaohuangshan, Qianchiya; forest landscape represented by Alpine Rhododendron, Wanmu Primitive Forest, Ginkgo biloba, Betula platyphylla, Arrow Bamboo Forest in Tang Dynasty; Tan Waterfall landscape represented by Jiulong Waterfall, Heilongtan, Huanglongjing; Wuma Temple, Yunyan Temple, Liuhou Temple, Yuhuang Pavilion, and famous stone carvings. The representative of the human landscape; the cave landscape represented by Baiyun Cave, Gonggu Cave, Dongtian Trestle Road, Xianrenqiao; the phenological landscape represented by the sunrise of the Cloud Sea, summer resort, golden autumn and red leaves. The whole scenic area is a combination of mountains, waters, caves, forests, flowers, grass, birds and animals. It has many characteristics, such as male, dangerous, strange, excellent, beautiful and wonderful.

Skillful combination of landscape Grand View

Baiyun Mountain National Forest Park is located in the hinterland of Funiu Mountain, 800 li. Affected by Yanshan Movement in the late Mesozoic, Baiyun Mountain today is a steep, magnificent and diverse mountain landscape. In the scenic area, there are many mountains and dangerous peaks. Yuhuangding, the first peak in the Central Plains at 2216 meters above sea level, rises high into the clouds. It is the best viewing spot for the sunrise clouds in the Central Plains. The mountains are beautiful, the waters are quiet, the valleys, streams, springs, waterfalls, streams, three rivers converge in one mountain and cross three regions. Within the Bailong Grand Canyon with a drop of 1000 meters, there are five steps, one pool, ten steps and one waterfall. The pools are connected and shining. The fall of Kowloon Waterfall is 103 meters, like a galactic channel, with blue sky and white clouds on top and blue pool abyss on the bottom. The rainbow lingers in the sky. It is called "a rare and wonderful landscape in the natural scenery of today's world". Baiyun Mountain spans three areas of water in one peak, gathers the spirit of the three rivers in one mountain, unique to the Central Plains, can be called the "grand view of the Central Plains" of the best.

Landscape Scenery Constituted by Ecological Resources is Unique

Baiyunshan National Forest Park is located at the demarcation line of geographical climate between North and south of China. The Yihe, Ruhe and Baihe rivers originating from Baiyunshan are injected into the Yellow River, Huaihe River and Yangtze River respectively. Geographers say that the Baiyun Mountains, which spans the world's famous Sanfa River Basin, are unique to China, rare in the world and attractive for tourism. There are mountains and rivers, waterfalls and pools, not cold or hot, moderate humidity, pleasant climate, a variety of tourism resources in one place, the overall landscape style and core connotation is different from Jiangnan, different from North China, different from the coast, different from Northeast China, West Bei and Southwest Frontier. It's a special place. Therefore, Baiyun Mountain National Forest Park tourism resources constitute a landscape with national influence and attraction.

Resource classification

Plant forest resources

Baiyunshan National Forest Park belongs to the transitional climate zone between subtropical and warm temperate zones. The vegetation is a typical transitional community of North-South plants in the South warm temperate deciduous broad-leaved forest zone and the north subtropical evergreen deciduous broad-leaved forest zone in China. The composition of forest plants is mainly temperate North China flora. Because of the complex terrain and the great difference in elevation, there are alpine flora populations in central and southwestern China.

The complex geographical conditions of Baiyunshan National Forest Park have bred a large number of animal and plant resources. There are 1991 species of vascular plants which belong to 742 genera and 168 families. Among them, 290 species are timber trees, 98 species are starch plants, 143 species are fiber plants, 97 species are wild fruits, 193 species are tanning plants, 467 species are flower plants, 155 species are wild vegetable plants, 92 species are aromatic plants, 208 species are oil plants, and medicines. There are 822 kinds of plants, 27 kinds of poisonous plants and 285 kinds of feed plants. In addition, the area abounds in economic fungi such as Antler of Monkey Head (Coral Fungi), Ganoderma lucidum, Juling and so on, which can be called the "Treasury of Green Plants".

The forest vegetation of Baiyun Mountain National Forest Park is divided into three types, namely deciduous broad-leaved mixed forest, coniferous broad-leaved mixed forest and coniferous forest, and nine main forest types. Due to the great difference of altitude and soil climate, the vertical distribution of forest vegetation types is obvious: the altitude of 900-1200 meters is composed of low-mountain deciduous forest belt composed of Quercus variabilis, Poplar, shrub and coniferous forest belt composed of Pinus tabulaeformis; the altitude of 1200-1800 meters is composed of broad-leaved forest belt composed of Quercus quercus, Quercus acutifolia, etc. Leaf forest belt; subalpine coniferous forest belt and subalpine shrub meadow composed of Pinus armandii and Betula platyphylla, Betula platyphylla, Abies bashanensis and Pinus armandii at 1800-2200 meters above sea level.

The forest coverage rate is high, and the coverage rate of dense and sparse forests is over 90%. The forest types are various and the structure is complex. Within the scope of the National Forest Park, the main forest types are Quercus variabilis, Pinus armandii, Pinus tabulaeformis, Metasequoia forest, Larix japonica, Quercus birch mixed forest, Quercus-Pinus tabulaeformis mixed forest, Quercus-Pinus armandii mixed forest, Fir-Pinus armandii forest, Rhododendron forest and Arrowhead bamboo forest. They constitute a relatively rare vertical forest belt spectrum in the warm temperate mountainous areas of China. Especially on the south side of Baiyunshan Park, south of Yuhuangding-Jijiaojiangjian-Tonggudonggou-1 line, there are large areas of warm temperate transitional forest which are almost primitive. Ancient trees are uneven, with rainbow branches crossing the sky, vines winding, withered branches and deciduous leaves overflowing, shrubs growing, and flowers paving the road, which make tourists enter a fantastic land. There are many rare tree species and animal species. In addition to the foregoing, such as the Millennium Ginkgo biloba (1240) at the ancient Uman Temple, the subalpine Azalea Forest under the Jade Emperor's top, which is broadband and distributed, and the dense forest near the primitive state in the south, are rare in the central and eastern part of China.

The plants listed in the second-level protection of the state are: Narrow-Leaved Pine Grass, Ginkgo biloba, Walnut, Lianxiang Tree, Eucommia ulmoides, Xiangguo Tree, Shanbai Tree, etc. The plants listed as the third-level protection of the state are hazelnut, green sandalwood, collar, star lotus, Magnolia officinalis, Acer mongolica, Fraxinus mandshurica, hedgehogany, angelica, gastrodia, silver magpie, etc.

Animal resources

The composition of animal population in Baiyunshan National Forest Park is complex, and it is an area rich in animal species in our province. According to preliminary investigation, there are 204 terrestrial vertebrates, including leopard, snow leopard, antelope, golden eagle, etc. listed in the first-level protection of the country; musk deer, red-bellied pheasant, Mandarin duck, giant salamander, spoon chicken, otter, etc. listed in the second-level protection of the country. It belongs to four classes, 28 orders and 69 families. Among them, there are about 38 species of mammals and 37 species of birds, as well as reptiles such as fish, turtles, geckos, lizards, lizards, lizards of North China, Blue-tailed stone dragons, rust-chain snakes, black shoot snakes, cauliflower iron head (pine flowers) and amphibians such as toads, zebra frogs, black-spotted frogs, Longgang frogs and giant salamanders (baby fish).

Waterscape resources

The seasonal variation of river discharge in Baiyunshan Park is great, but most of the ditches are perennially flowing with streams because of the relatively developed granite fissures and the thicker fragmented weathering layers, especially the flourishing vegetation and good water conservation in the Baiyuan River Basin. In Bailong Grand Canyon, Heilongtan, Bailong, Qinglong, Jiulong and Hump Waterfalls, Pearl Pond, Baiyun Lake, Huanglongjing and other late waterfalls have created beautiful waterscape scenery with clear, quiet and natural primitives.

There are more than 10 waterfalls and 20 ponds in the scenic area of Jiulong Waterfall. They are all distributed in the scenic area with different shapes and characteristics. They are the most attractive scenic spots of Baiyun Mountain Forest Park.

Down from the bath tiger pool. Cascades of waterfalls appear in the main stream of Shunbaiyuan River. Horizontal distance is no more than 1400 m, and the total fall of waterfalls at all levels is more than 600 m. The main waterfalls are: Bailong Waterfall, Jiulong Waterfall, Hump Waterfall, Longquan Waterfall and so on. The upper edge of each level of waterfall is a deep valley with flat bottom. The bottom of the valley is inlaid with many pools with green water and ripples. The waterfall falls down tens of meters to hundreds of meters, swallowing green and turquoise, elegant and free. The deep pool under the Waterfall sparkles under the mist. Most peculiar is the waterfall has its own beauty, dry season, some waterfalls winding and jumping, time and space, like the Bailong Falls: some waterfalls hanging in the air, dropping curtains, smoke flying, such as the Jiulong Feitan: some waterfall-level stone-smashing evacuation, some waterfalls take off and spray. The leaping waterfall is printed on the handsome rock wall, and it is majestic and magnificent. The side wall of Bailong Falls is called Bailong Collision, about 300m high, and the rock surface is faint and graceful, strong as a playful waterfall dragon; Hump Falls, the water flowing from the waist of the Bactrian camel, single hump, double water, like the Milky Way of Camel Teng. Under the waterfall, water vapor transpiration, rainbow flying frame, immigrants see rainbow entanglement, people move the rainbow, the viewers are all cheering, clapping and exclaiming.

A. Heilongtan: It is composed of 10-meter-high waterfalls falling from the semicircular Stone Wall Children's Palace. Its diameter is about 20 meters and its depth is unfathomable. The water in the middle of the pool is dark green, rippled and like a dragon, hence its name.

B. Huanglongjing and Panlongtan: Located in the lower reaches of Heilongtan, the "well" is on the top of a 30-meter-high stone building. Its diameter is not too long to reach the bottom. The building is a waterfall and flies into the pond. Tan such as side-by-side double urn, urn height 20m, perimeter dozens of Zhang, urn wall smooth like jade. Close view of wells, pools, cool air, thunderous, breathtaking.

C. Pearl pool and bath tiger pool: a trickling stream, carved into nine curves and six pearls on the stone wall, which looks like silk drifting far away, or quick or slow, crystal clear; nearly looks like thousands of pearls jumping. When the water falls, a "stone sword" crosses the side, threatening to cut off the water. The water pours down along the "sword sheath" and carves stone into a pool. In the past, tigers used to come to bathe in the pool, so it was called the bathing tiger pool.

D. Bailong Falls and Bailong Buildings: Bailong Buildings are a 1,000-foot cliff. They are high, steep, dangerous and steep. A waterfall falls like Bailong at its high risk. Under the sunlight, the Bailong Waterfall is like a thousand flowers dancing, showing red, orange, yellow, green, green, blue and purple rainbows.

E. Kowloon Falls: nearly 100 meters high. There are nine dragons on the stone wall. Water flows down the rock ridge like nine giant dragons. Smoke dances around the waterfall. In sunny weather, sunshine reflects, showing a rainbow path. In this situation, the rainbow is circling around. As people move, the rainbow also moves. This scene is called the rainbow of the Nine Dragon Falls Drama, which can be regarded as the best in the world.

F. Camel Dragon Waterfall: Downstream of Jiulong Waterfall, the upper part of the waterfall has two peaks but flows. The middle and lower part is the diversion part of the second waterfall. The rocks are humped and the two waterfalls run east and west.

Mountain resources

Many mountain scenic spots in China are composed of granite mountain bodies. Granite mountains are usually of high ornamental value. Granite is widely exposed in Baiyunshan Park, and there are many fractured structures. After hundreds of millions of years of weathering and denudation, many dangerous and strange peaks and rocks have been formed. Nature has created a fascinating landscape of granite peak forest.

A. Yuhuangding

Yuhuangding, 2216 m above sea level, is the main peak of Funiu Mountain. It is in the shape of Optimus Prime, which stands out at the southern end of the arc ridge about 1900-2000 m above sea level. As the Jade Emperor's Top stands on the top of the peaks, straight into the clouds, and looks like a crown, so it gets its name. Mountaineering Yuhuangding can be described as "under a panoramic view of mountains". The rockbursts and crevices on the north side of Yuhuangding form a "picture of jade officials and maids". It is invisible and vivid, and it looks like running clouds and running water, moving Chu and Chu.

B. Chicken Corner

At 2145m above sea level, it stands out on the southeast side of the Yuhuangding-Jijiaojiangjian arc ridge. A mountain and two peaks, surrounded by mountains, surrounded by cliffs, the sky is vast. The hill is like a chicken horn, so it's called a chicken horn.

C. Chicken Foot Man

The sawtooth strong ridge is located on the north side of the Gonggudonggou. The main peak of the west fault is about 1845 m above sea level. It is the northern end of the Yuhuangding-Jijiaojiangjian arc ridge. Jijiaoman is composed of coarse-grained porphyry granite, cone-columnar peak ridge, eel peak ridge, stretching 2.8 km, steep on both sides, straight up and down valleys, abrupt peak top and clean rock wall, vegetable is covered with emerald pine wavering. It is not the peak of Huangshan Group, similar to Huangshan Congling Ridge, so it is also known as Xiaohuangshan.

D. Baiyun Mountain

Baiyun Mountain is located on the northwest side of Baiyun Mountain Park. It is about 4 km long and the highest point in the middle reaches is about 2058 m above sea level. In the middle of Baiyun Mountain, the peaks around the Baiyun Mountain are uneven and long-lasting.

In addition to the four strange mountains mentioned above, there are many skillful hieroglyphs and famous stones, such as the Xianrenqiao (natural bridge of granite landform), stone boats, humps, Wolong, Tianlunshi, Jinfeng and so on, which are accompanied by wonderful myths and legends.

(4) Rock cave ornamental tourism resources

Baiyunshan geological structure is dominated by faults and folds, which are affected by orogeny, erosion and other natural dynamic forces for hundreds of millions of years. There are many cliffs and strange caves and valleys in Baiyunshan.

A. White Snake Cave: Situated on a dizzy cliff, the cave is 2 meters high, 1.5 meters wide and 3 meters deep. It is said to be the place where White Snake practices.

B. Green Snake Cave: Located on the top of Black Cloud Mountain, which is far away from Baiyun Mountain, it is similar to the size of White Snake Cave. It is said that it is the place where the green snake practices.

C. Cave and Drum Cave: There are incense burning platform and clear spring God pool in the cave. The spring water is not full of feet, but no one does not overflow. Tens of thousands of people do not drink dry, which can be said to be eternal "green water". The cave often sounds like gongs, drums and clangs, from which gongs and drums are named.

D. Tongtian Grottoes: The only way to Yuhuangding is in Shiqianya Gougounao. The cave is 3 meters high, 2 meters wide and 30 meters deep. There is a small hole at the end of the cave, so you can see the beautiful scenery of Baiyun Mountain.

Cultural relics

Historic Sites of Yunyan Temple

It was discovered in September 1962 at the old site of Yunyan Temple in Baihe Township. The forehead of the stone tablet is ornamented with Panlong opera beads, surrounded by Yungou palindromes, and the stele is a turtle. The stele is 2 m high, 0.88 m wide and 0.2 m thick. The forehead is 0.95m long and 0.97M wide. The tortoise is 1.3 long and its head is 0.5m long. The inscription was inscribed in the 13th year of Ming Zhengde (1518). It has regular script, 21 lines and 46 lines. Writing by Wang Guanzhi. The stone tablets are intact, but the characters are severely peeled off. It was promulgated as a key protected cultural relic at the county level in 1978.

The Old Site of Wukuo Temple

There are ancient pagodas in the village of Wuma Temple in Baihe Township. The old site of Wukuo Temple is still more than 1040 years old. There are ancient ginkgo trees and six stone tablets, one of which is for the auspicious purpose of Daoguang in October of 30 years; and there are stone tablets in October of 43 years in Qianlong. According to legend, there used to be 82 nunneries in 72 districts of Funiu Mountain. There were monks and nuns in nunneries. Uman Monastery itself no longer exists.

Represent scenic spots (spots)

Kowloon Falls Tourist Area

The Jiulong Waterfall Tourist Area is one of the five major tourist areas in Baiyun Mountain. Its total length is 5 kilometers. It has crocodile water-playing, turtle sun-covering, Black Dragon pool, Pearl pool, Dongtian Trestle Road, Bailong Waterfall, Jiulong Waterfall and other scenic spots. Among them, the Dongtian Trestle Road is 800 meters in length, with its winding path leading to a quiet view of the blue sky and the canyon, giving a full view of the natural beauty; the Bailong Waterfall falls more than 80 meters, with white clouds twisting and twisting, flying straight down, with momentum like thunderbolt and lightning, thunder and thunder, like a mountain roaring tsunami, sounding canyon, ringing through the clouds; and the Jiulong Waterfall is 123 meters apart, with a galaxy falling down and nine different shapes on the stone wall. Dragon is formed by the late syenite quartz porphyry vein intruding into the original monzonitic granite. It is connected with blue sky and white clouds on the top and Bitan abyss on the bottom. It is known as "a rare and wonderful landscape in the natural scenery of the world today".

Yuhuangding and Jijiaoman sightseeing areas

Yuhuangding Tourist Area can climb the ladder, cross the Tianmen Gate, watch the clouds and the sunrise, and admire the thousand-year-old alpine azaleas. Yuhuangding, with an elevation of 2216 meters, is the birthplace of Baihe River, Yihe River, Huaihe River, Ruhe River, the tributary of the Yangtze River, the polar peak of the Central Plains and the core of Funiu Mountain. It is the best place to watch the sunrise of the Yunhai Sea in the Central Plains.

Jijiaoman sightseeing area has the rhyme of Huangshan, the beauty of Huangshan, the wonder of Huangshan, Qianfeng Competition, Qianfeng is strange, the walls stand thousands of kilometers, each has its own characteristics, the main peak is 1845 meters above sea level.

Primitive Forest Tourist Area

Baiyun Mountain is located in the transition zone from north subtropical zone to warm temperate zone. It is the intersection zone of North and South organisms. Its animal population composition is complex, and it is an area rich in animal species in Henan Province. According to the survey, there are three kinds of national first-level protected animals, including Golden carving and leopard, and the second-level protected animals, such as doll fish, jackal, otter, civet cat, etc.

There are some rare plants in the sightseeing area, such as Ancient Quercus bergamot, Pinus densiflora, Acer mongolica, and other scenic spots, such as Baxian Valley Pass, Jiuqu Waterfall, Crescent Moon Pond, Longwangtan, Folding Waterfall, Stone Waterfall, etc.

Forest Oxygen Bar Tourist Area

The sightseeing area covers an area of 80,000 square meters. There are two large-scale alpine forest oxygen bars with different styles and three small-scale alpine forest oxygen bars. They are the highest altitude, largest area and most complete function natural alpine forest oxygen bars in the Central Plains.

Each mu of pine forest can produce 49 kg of oxygen per day, and the content of negative oxygen ions in the air reaches 8670 per cubic centimeter. After inhaling abundant negative oxygen ions into the human body, it has the functions of sedation, hypnosis, analgesia, cough relief and blood pressure lowering. It can improve the ventilation function of the lungs and make people refreshed and energetic.

There are also world famous stone carving group, Alpine peony garden, Han Xiangzhang Liangci Temple and other cultural scenic spots in the sightseeing area.

Baiyunfeng Tourist Area

There are seven strange peaks in Baiyunfeng sightseeing area, which are filled with white clouds all the year round and have fairy mountain spirit. There is a white snake cave at the top of the peak. There are also a line of sky, golden rabbit worship the moon, Wangfu stone, flyover stone and other scenic spots on the mountain. Together with many exotic trees, rare birds, exotic animals, birds, flowers and plants, the Baiyunfeng tourist area has become an important part of the five major tourist areas of Baiyun Mountain.

Scenic spot development

Construction process

The development and construction of Baiyunshan National Forest Park began in 1992 and opened in April 1993. After ten years of development, the infrastructure has been gradually improved, the popularity has been continuously improved, and the economic benefits have become increasingly prominent.

In 2004, according to the general idea of "taking natural scenery as its feature, water system construction as its source, creating excellent infrastructure and enhancing cultural connotation as its taste", Baiyun Mountain focused on the six elements of food, shelter, travel, travel, shopping and entertainment, and focused on the goal of "Henan first, first-class in the whole country". With the help of the whole county, 132 million yuan was invested in Baiyun Mountain Road, Jiulong Waterfall and Yuhuangding. Fifty-three projects, including scenic trails, water system projects, forest oxygen bar, central plaza, parking lot, sanitation public toilet, food street, scenic area roads, water supply and drainage works, have been completely renovated and renovated. This is Songxian tourism history, the largest one-time investment, the largest scale, the highest grade project. The rebuilt Baiyun Mountain has undergone tremendous changes. Its infrastructure has rapidly reached the first level in Henan Province and the first class in the whole country. The leaders of provinces and cities and many tourists praise Baiyun Mountain as "a fairyland on earth where people swim in paintings, water flies in the air and clouds float on trees".

In 2005, Baiyun Mountain invested more than 80 million yuan to construct the first tourist ropeway in Funiu Mountain ecological scenic area, Jiulong Waterfall ropeway, the highest and largest mountain peony garden in China and the group of famous stone carvings at home and abroad, and restored Zhangliang's hermitage, the "Liuhou Temple", which greatly improved the cultural taste of the scenic area and made Baiyun Mountain more distinctive and successful. It realizes the organic combination of ancient historical culture and contemporary fashion culture.

In 2006, Baiyun Mountain invested 120 million yuan and implemented 18 renewal projects, including beautification and reconstruction of Tianbai Road Tianqiaogou intersection, reconstruction of dangerous section of Shanshan Road, construction of Yuhuang Pavilion, construction of bath center and sewage discharge, construction of performing arts center, construction of Chijin shop in Gaodu and construction of ecological museum, which further improved the infrastructure of Baiyun Mountain and upgraded the facilities of Baiyun Mountain. Secondly, it solves the problem of "shopping difficulty" and "entertainment difficulty" of tourists in scenic spots.

In 2007, Baiyun Mountain continued to increase investment, with a total investment of more than 50 million yuan, to further improve the functions of scenic facilities. In addition to attracting investment for the construction of Shanxia Tonghe Comprehensive Service Center, Yuhuangding Sightseeing Cableway, and improving road facilities, another 15 million yuan was invested, focusing on the development of Xiaohuangshan scenic spot, which provided another recreational place for tourists from all over the world. It enlarges the tourist capacity of scenic spots.

In 2010, Baiyun Mountain invested 80 million yuan in comprehensive renovation of scenic spot identification system, internal and external environment, creating a world geological park and national AAAAA-level scenic spot success.

From March to May 2012, in order to ensure a successful re-inspection of AAAAAAA-level scenic spots, Baiyunshan scenic spot invested more than 20 million yuan to upgrade the scenic spot identification system, sanitation toilets, road security engineering, parking lot, etc.

brand building

In September 1992, the former Ministry of Forestry approved the National Forest Park.

In December 1997, the former Ministry of Forestry approved it as a national nature reserve.

In 2004, it passed the certification of ISO 9001 quality management system.

In October 2005, China National Geographic Magazine ranked the most beautiful place in China.

In December 2007, the United Nations International Association for Eco-security Cooperation, International Leisure Industry Association, China International Brand Association and China Leisure Active Development Forum were selected as China's time and leisure resort.

In December 2009, the Chinese Association of Science and Technology awarded the National Science Popular Education Base.

In October 2010, UNESCO approved the World Geopark.

In December 2012, the National Tourism Administration approved AAAAA-level scenic spots.

management system

Baiyunshan National Forest Park was originally the Wuma Temple Forest Farm in Songxian County, Henan Province.

The Wuma Temple Forest Farm in Songxian County of Henan Province was established in 1956. In 1982, the Longchiman Provincial Nature Reserve in Songxian County was established on the basis of the Wuma Temple Forest Farm in Songxian County, approved by the State Council in December 1997, and the Funiushan National Nature Reserve was established on the basis of five provincial nature reserves such as Shirenshan in Lushan Mountain, and Songxian County, the Funiushan National Nature Reserve, was established in 2002. Wuma Temple Authority. In 1992, the former Ministry of Forestry approved the establishment of Baiyunshan National Forest Park in Luoyang in Yangshuling Forest Area of Wumasi Forest Farm. In 1994, it was renamed Baiyunshan National Forest Park in Songxian County, and the Baiyunshan National Forest Park Administration in Luoyang was established. In 2010, Baiyunshan National Forest Park successfully established the World Geopark and National AAAAA Scenic Area. Songxian Wuma Temple Forest Farm, Funiushan National Nature Reserve, Songxian Wuma Temple Administration Bureau and Luoyang Baiyunshan National Forest Park Administration have implemented the management system of "three brands, one set of people and horses".

Baiyun Mountain Scenic Area implements the operation mode of "government-led, market operation". Baiyun Mountain Administration is the management organization of Baiyun Mountain Scenic Area. It is an institution at the Zhengke level. It belongs to the people's government of Songxian County. It implements a management system of three brands and a set of people and horses with Wuma Temple Forest Farm of Songxian County and Wuma Temple Administration Bureau of Funiu Mountain National Nature Reserve. The Bureau consists of 15 departments (districts) including offices, supervision and management departments, marketing departments, publicity departments, planning and construction departments, accounting and finance departments and central management areas, with 170 employees.

Traffic and routes



Kaifeng Luoyang Yichuan Songxian Luanchuan Heyu Town Baiyunshan

Zhengzhou Dengfeng Yichuan Songxian Luanchuan Heyu Town Baiyunshan

Pingdingshan Lushan Checun Town, Songxian Baiyunshan

Nanyang Nanzhao Songxian Baihe Township Baiyunshan

Sanmenxia Lushi Luanchuan Heyu Baiyunshan


Line 1: climbing Yuhuangding in the morning to watch the sunrise and cloudy sea, admiring the Millennium Azalea Forest and birch forest; in the afternoon, the Xiaohuangshan primitive forest looks at the miraculous pine, strange stone and arrow bamboo forest.

Line 2: Visit the Baihe Grand Canyon in the morning, see Heilongtan, Huanglongjing, Pearl Pond, Bailong Waterfall, Qinglong Waterfall, Jiulong Waterfall, Dongtianpu Road; Enter the primitive forest in the afternoon to see Jiuqu Waterfall, Fan Waterfall, Cloud and Mist Waterfall, Sun Moon Lake, Dongtianfei Waterfall, and appreciate the top of Tiansong and Guifei Tree.

Line 3: Baiyunfeng climbs the ladder in the morning, and looks at the first line of the sky, visits the overpass and Baiyun Cave, and visits the Wild Peony garden, the Uman Temple Pagoda and the Ginkgo Forest in the Tang Dynasty in the afternoon.