Huangshan Ancient Huizhou Cultural Tourist Area is located in Huangshan City, Anhui Province, north of Huangshan Mountain, south of Qiandao Lake, covering an area of 9.5 square kilometers. It is an ancient Huizhou Cultural Tourist Area which gathers ancient city life, ancestral temple culture, archway culture, Huizhou merchant culture, village culture and residential culture.
The main tourist attractions of Huangshan Ancient Huizhou Cultural Tourist Area are the Ancient City of Huizhou, Archway Group, Baojia Garden, Qiankou Residence, Chengkan and Tangmo five scenic spots. In December 2014, Huangshan Ancient Huizhou Cultural Tourist Area won the honorary title of "National AAAAA Tourist Scenic Area".
In the six years of Tang Wude (623 A.D.), buildings such as Zhongwang Street, Six Homes and Prince Tang were successively established, gradually forming a village where people lived together.
In the five years of the Tang Dynasty (770), the pattern of "one government and six counties" in Huizhou began to take shape.
During the Yuan Dynasty, a five-hole stone bridge in Chengkan began to be built and named Huanxiu Bridge.
During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, most of the ancient buildings in Huizhou in Huangshan, Anhui Province were built one after another.
In the ten years of Emperor Wuzong's reign in Ming Dynasty (1515), Qiankou Jinzi Temple, the largest ancestral temple in ancient Huizhou, began to be built.
In 1984, 11 typical Ming Dynasty buildings scattered in Qianri, Xucun and other places, which were not suitable for local protection, were concentrated in the ancient Huizhou cultural tourism area of Huangshan City, forming Ming Dynasty villages and named "Qiankou Residence". In the same year, the old site of Chongyi School was transformed into Tao Xingzhi Memorial Hall.
In January 1988, the Qiankou Residence was declared as a national key cultural relic protection unit by the State Council.
In 1990, the Ming Dynasty residential complex (Mingyuan) was completed and opened to the outside world.
In 1991, Tao Xingzhi Memorial Hall was completed for the first time and opened to the outside world.
In June 2001, Chengkan (Huanxiuqiao) was listed in the fifth batch of "National Insurance" units.
In 2003, Tao Xingzhi Memorial Hall was expanded for the second time, covering an area of 1700 square meters.
In 2005, the archway group scenic spot was rated as the national AAAA level scenic spot by the National Tourism Administration.
In 2007, the Qing Dynasty residential complex (Qingyuan) was completed and opened to the outside world. In August of the same year, Qiankou Residence was rated as a national AAAA-level tourist attraction.
In November 2009, Huangshan City officially launched and deployed the project of protecting and utilizing thousands of ancient residential buildings in Hundred Villages in Ancient Huizhou Cultural Tourism Area.
In August 2013, the new visitor service center of Tangyue Archway Group Scenic Spot in Shexian County was officially opened. On November 30, Chengkan (Huanxiuqiao), which has been reconstructed, passed the acceptance of the National Group of Cultural Relics Residence Experts. In December of the same year, the "Hundred Villages and Thousands Buildings" project completed the planning of 101 ancient villages and implemented the protection and utilization of 101 ancient villages.
On November 18, 2014, Huangshan Huizhou Tangmo Scenic Spot signed an agreement with Shanghai Fengjing Ancient Town Scenic Spot to form a friendly and cooperative scenic spot.
Huangshan Ancient Huizhou Cultural Tourist Area is located in Huangshan City, Anhui Province, the birthplace of Huizhou culture. It is adjacent to Huangshan Mountain in the north and Qiandao Lake in the south. It is between 117 02 to 118 55 in the East and 29 24 to 30 6550
The Ancient Huizhou Cultural Tourist Area in Huangshan City has a subtropical monsoon climate, with high temperature and rainy in summer and mild and little rain in winter. The hottest monthly average temperature is above 22 degrees Celsius, the coldest monthly temperature is between 0 degrees Celsius and 15 degrees Celsius, and the annual difference is between 15 degrees Celsius and 25 degrees Celsius. Short-term frost can occur. Frost-free period is over 240 days, precipitation is over 750-1000mm, summer rain is concentrated, and there is no obvious dry season.
Ancient Huizhou Cultural Tourist Area is located in Huangshan City, Anhui Province, the birthplace of Huizhou Culture. It consists of five top-quality scenic spots: Ancient City of Huizhou, Archway Group, Baojia Garden, Tang Mou, Qiankou Residence and Chengkan. It is based on Huangshan Mountain in the north and Qiandaohu Lake in the south. The Xin'anjiang River flows slowly. It has a history of two thousand years. It has the unique regional cultural temperament of ancient cities, villages and buildings.
Five scenic spots with different characteristics were packaged and created, which gathered the representative elements of ancient Huizhou, such as ancient villages, ancient cities, official offices, folk houses, archways, Hui-style gardens and geomancy culture, and presented the Hui culture, one of the three regional cultures of China, and effectively promoted the inheritance of Huizhou culture.
The eastern part is mainly the scenic spots of the ancient city of Huizhou. The ancient city of Huizhou is the seat of the government of Huizhou. It is also one of the four most well-preserved ancient cities in China. It has five peaks and six rivers. Huizhou Palace Museum is known as Huizhou Palace Museum. It is the most magnificent and magnificent official office in the south of the Yangtze River. Xu Guoshifang is the only octagonal archway in the country. The Ming Dynasty Wanli Emperor praised his patriot Xu Guo University scholar in this most solemn way. Now it is known as the triumph of the East.
The central part is the Paifang Group, Baojia Garden and Tangmo Scenic Spot. There is Tangyuan Village, an ancient village lasting more than 800 years from the Song and Yuan Dynasties to the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It has seven towering, grand and dignified archways, a solemn and dignified ancestral hall for men and a unique ancestral hall for women with elegance and dignity. The ancestral temple (Qingyi Hall) is the only ancestral temple in China. It is a vivid textbook for studying Huizhou patriarchal clan system and the history of Huizhou merchants. Baojia Garden, which is in harmony with the archway group, is based on Hui merchants'private gardens, with Hui-style bonsai as its theme, gathering the essence of Hui-style bonsai art, and at the same time gathering the representative works of various schools of bonsai in China. It is praised as the mother of oriental gardens by the essence of Su, Hunan, Sichuan and Hui-style bonsai sculptures in one garden.
Tang Mou is the first village of Shuikou Garden in China. Founded in Tang Dynasty, cultivated in Song, Yuan Dynasty, prosperous in Ming and Qing Dynasty. Historically, because of its active economy and simple folk customs, it has been praised as a model village of the Tang Dynasty. It is an ancient civilized village with a long history and profound cultural accumulation in Huizhou. Tang Mou is located in Qiankou Town, Huizhou District, Huangshan City, adjacent to Tangyue Archway Group in Shexian County. Here is the famous Tangan Garden, which simulates the scenery of the West Lake. It builds pavilions, pavilions and bridges. Sandalwood and purple punishment are planted all over the lake embankment. There are also scenic spots such as Santan Yinyue, Huxinting, Baidi and Jade Belt Bridge in the garden. It is just a miniature West Lake. The mirror Pavilion is the center of the small West Lake. The four walls of the pavilion are made of marble. They are inlaid with Su Shi, Zhu Xi, Dong Qichang, Huang Tingjian, Ni Yuanlu, Wen Zhengming, Mi Fu, Cai Xian, Zha Shibiao and other calligraphic tablets. They are all in a grand sight and seem to be a Xin'an Stele Garden. The pastoral scenery is elegant and chic, and the French romantic style is in touch with the ancient villages of Huizhou.
The West is the Qiankou residence and Chengkan scenic spot. Qiankou Residence, also known as Zixia Villa, is located at the south foot of Zixia Peak, Qiankou Town, Huizhou District, Huangshan City, Anhui Province. Qiankou residence is a Huizhou-style building complex of Han nationality residence in Ming Dynasty in Huizhou. On a small hill, it shows different styles and features of ancient dwellings. Qiankou dwellings are divided into cave houses, houses, bridges, pavilions and archways according to their architectural types. In terms of time span, it lasted from eight years of Hongzhi in the Ming Dynasty to the middle and late Ming Dynasty. Huang Zongxi, Shi Runzhang, Mei Geng and Jin Zhijing, the famous celebrities of the early Qing Dynasty, all set foot in this place, and they are inscribed here.
Chengkan is a miracle in the history of ancient Chinese architecture. It integrates natural landscapes into one. According to the Eight Diagrams Fengshui Theory in the Book of Changes, the site layout of villages interprets the ancient philosophical theory that heaven and earth interact with each other. It is known as the first village of Fengshui in China. Long streets and short lanes in the village are like labyrinths, roaming the streets and moving with different scenery. They can be called pedestrian alleys, such as in the middle of paintings.
Protection of cultural relics
Huangshan Ancient Huizhou Cultural Tourist Area protects 116 ancient buildings of 4 types of spatial forms and 3 358 ancient buildings of 12 types of architectural monomers. It also protects 1325 ancient dwellings by recognizing, recognizing and subscribing. Tourist areas adhere to the concept of "protection first, rescue first, rational utilization and strengthening management", jump out of the vicious circle of "maintenance-destruction-repairing" for the protection of ancient residential buildings, and rebuild a number of Huizhou residential quarters, village history halls and surname museums according to local conditions, so as to speed up the construction of Tunxi Waibanxi, Shexian Yuliangba and Xiuningwan. A number of renovation projects such as Anlaojie have been built, and ancient buildings such as ancestral halls, ancient roads, bridges and pagodas have been renovated and protected. In the process of protecting cultural relics, it is not only to protect cultural relics, but also to protect the surrounding environment of cultural relics in conjunction with the surrounding environment of villages.
Huangshan Ancient Huizhou Cultural Tourism Zone will improve the mechanism of responsibility insurance, daily management, joint law enforcement, management approval and social supervision, and strengthen cooperation with UNESCO World Heritage Center. The Ancient Villages Protection Association of Southern Anhui will also be established to effectively manage the Ancient Huizhou Cultural Tourism Zone. Tourist areas should strengthen the training of staff in various scenic spots to improve the management and service level of scenic spots. The County traffic police team will take the lead in centralized renovation of the vehicles in the scenic area and standardize the parking management of the vehicles in the scenic area; the county travel committee will take the lead in adding necessary signs and introductory boards in parking lots, tourist centers and important scenic spots to facilitate tourists'visits and improve service quality; and the internal management will be strengthened to ensure medical rooms and postal services. The staff of the rooms, complaint rooms and monitoring rooms are on duty to ensure the normal operation of all service facilities and equipment in the tourist center and provide high-quality services for tourists.